Fringe tree leafs out late and has very fragrant lilac-smelling white flowers in late May. Fringe Tree needs a minimum of a half-day sun, good garden soil, and some protection from the west. It is dioecious, meaning the male and female plants are separate and ... both are needed if seed is to be produced. Fruit on the female plants are slightly smaller than a quarter and very blue. Yellow fall color. Native to Eastern USA.